Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)
Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) was founded in 1920. From its beginning, HIT has received preferential support from the central government. In 1954, the Ministry of Higher Education designated, for the first time, six national key universities. HIT was the only one of the six outside of Beijing. In 1984, HIT again found its way onto the list of 15 national key universities to receive special support. In 1996, HIT was among the first group of universities to be included in Project 211. This project targets 100 institutions of higher education in China to receive preferential support for development in order to become world-class universities in the 21st century. In 1999, HIT was listed as one of the top nine key universities in China. This distinction provided HIT with the opportunity to develop into a highly-competitive first-rate university with the assistance of the Ministry of Education and the Heilongjiang Provincial Government.
After nearly 100 years, HIT has developed into a large nationally renowned multi-disciplinary university with science, engineering and research as its core. HIT has established its own unique programs related to the field of astronautics that are unparalled anywhere in China and broadened our established disciplinary programs by utilizing a cross-disciplinary curriculum and as such have formed a comparatively full disciplinary system that consists of key, emerging and supporting programs.
HIT is famous for its original style of schooling: 'Being strict in qualifications for graduates; making every endeavor in educating students.' Our graduates have been warmly welcomed by employers throughout China; more than 100,000 graduates have stepped into society and many have moved up to high-ranking managerial positions and work as specialists in the fields of science and technology, education, and economics. A number of graduates have assumed leadership positions in the CPC and governments at different levels, or become generals of the PLA, academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
On the map of the People’s Republic of China, there is a place looks like a flying swan with spread wings while its provincial capital resembles a dazzling pearl under the neck of the swan. The pearl is Harbin, which has a temperate monsoon climate with four distinct seasons, but claims to be best in summer and winter.
As a capital, Harbin is a heart cross point of politics, finance and culture; a picturesque city with beautiful Songhuajiang River going through it. And Harbin is also known as “Oriental Moscow “or “Oriental Pairs”.
Landscapes in Harbin
No.1 The St.Sophia Church
The St. Sophia church is the most notable and famous landmark in Harbin, the rust-colored brickwork and unmistakable turquoise dome of this Russian Orthodox Church could not be more Eastern European; nor could it be more beautiful. Built in 1907 and housing some old black and white photos of Harbin from the turn of the 20th century, the St. Sophia church should be on the top anyone’s list who visits the city. The Harbin Architectural Arts Center is located inside the church, and judging by their captions they seem to have a favorable opinion of the foreign influences throughout the city’s history (a sentiment that’s not always found in China).
No.2 The Central Avenue
The Central Avenue is the longest pedestrian Avenue in Asia. It is built in 1898. The old street has a long history until now. In addition, The Central Avenue has become the most prosperous business avenue at present. The Central Avenue begins from the monument tower in honor of preventing from big flood. Its width is 21.34 meters and its length is as long as 1450 meters. It is called as the best avenue in Harbin. It is famous of the architectures of unique European style such as the Hagia Sophia. The Sophia is one of the most beautiful in Harbin. And the avenue has lots of commercial buildings that attract numerous customers around the world. The Central Avenue is the best place to visit only if you have the chance to go get Harbin. You’d better not to miss it.
No.3 Songhua River
Songhua River, ranks the fifth longest river in China, runs about 1,897 kilometers long and covers a drainage area of 545,600 square kilometers. The source of the river is a crater lake called Heavenly Lake with an elevation of 2,189 meters at the top of the Changbai Mountain, which borders North Korea in China’s Jilin Province. The water falls down from the Heavenly Lake and forms a waterfall, as if the water rushes down from haven. Hence the local Manchu inhabitant called it “Heavenly Lake” in meaning, “Songga-liwula” in pronunciation. Now we transliterate into Chinese Songhua River.
No.4 Guandong Alley
The history of Harbin can dating back to the thousands years ago. It is a collection of thousands years of Jin Dynasty Culture , hundreds years of Guandong Culture, and Chinese Baroque culture. When you push the door with the Baroque Style, you just enter into the Guandong Alley, which is situated in the Qunli Culture Stadium. The designer concentrates natives’ complex of guandong on the alley. Walking in the old alley, it seems that you have get to the time tunneling, from today to the past.